Beginning in February 2019 and through the next 12 months of implementation, Graduating to Resilience Activity will provide consumption support in the form of monthly cash transfers through a mobile money provider to 6,629 households in the three intervention groups including both refugee and host community participants. The transfer is intended to help households meet their basic food and dietary needs (consumption smoothing). Central to the Activity’s Theory of Change, consumption support will ensure basic needs including food security are met so that households can experience the stabilization needed to engage in other activities.
By using a cash-based modality, rather than in-kind or direct food support, participants are empowered to establish their own priorities, make choices, and procure what they need most for their families when they need it. Steady consumption support over twelve months will afford stability during lean seasons and predictability of the extra income to invest in household expenses, such as school fees.
To calculate the amount given to each HH, the Activity considered several factors, such as:
Given the explicit focus on ensuring food security and adequate nutrition, the Activity decided to determine the amount of money that would allow a HH to meet its minimum food needs per month, based on real price information compared with an objective baseline analysis of HH expenditure.
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA), the external evaluation partner of the Activity, had gathered consumption values for food items (expressed in 2018 Ugandan Shillings (UGX) in Exhibit 1) from 1,111 beneficiary households (589 host community and 522 refugee), and the overall breakdown by selected quintilesturned out to be as follows:
“p10”, “p25”, “p50” mean the 10thpercentile, 25thpercentile and 50thpercentile of the distribution for the consumption values, for both refugees and host.
Exhibit 1: All Food Consumed, 2018 UGX, per person/day
As previously mentioned, UNHCR and WFP determined that 31,000UGX/person/month was sufficient to guarantee a 2,100Kcal per person per day diet. Taking into account daily food consumption in Exhibit 1, we calculated the Food Gap by subtracting the totals from the 1,033UGX/person/day target calculated by UNHCR and WFP as seen in Exhibit 2.
Exhibit 2: Food Gap, 2018 UGX, per person/day
When calculating food needs on a monthly basis the Food Gap per person per day was then multiplied by 30 (days). Exhibit 3 shows that the 10thpercentile (p10) of the host community had a gap of 14,775 UGX and the 25thpercentile (p25) experienced a gap of 6,704 UGX. In the refugee community the 10thpercentile is experiencing a food gap of 17,813 UGX while the 25thpercentile is experiencing a Food Gap of 10,013 UGX. The 50thpercentile (p50) of both communities is experiencing a food surplus.
Exhibit 3: Food Gap, 2018 UGX, per person/month
In addition to considering the intended outcomes of consumption support and analysis of the food gap, the final factor was available budget. The Activity decided to provide consumption support amounts based on the food gap of the 10thpercentile of the population, thus skewing resources towards the lower, more disadvantaged end of the spectrum. The Activity also decided to provide different consumption support amounts to the host and refugee communities based on the contextual Food Gap analysis and to round up the values. As a result, the Activity will provide beneficiary households 15,000 UGX per person per month in the host community and 18,000 UGX per person per month in the refugee community to help meet the basic food and dietary needs for the first 12 months of implementation.